Developing Pluggable Modules with AuShadha Open Source EMR – UI building with PyYAML – Tutorial – Part 3


Building the Dijit – UI with PyYAML markup and Django Templating

Get the PyYAML file from Git Hub Repo : get it here.

This is the file that generates the Patient Pane which is brought up after searching.

This is the UI it generates:

Patient Pane
This Patient Pane’s UI widgets, layout etc is partly generated from the PyYAML

This pane.yaml file is a Django template that leverages Django’s templating features as well as PyYAML‘s object mark up to generate a rendered JSON. This JSON is then returned on AJAX call to help the UI building. JSON is parsed by the Javascript file here to help build the Dijit UI, Widgets etc…

PyYAML file

Let us examine the PyYAML file markup

Comments and Verbatim Code

At the top, {% verbatim %} Django Template tag allow the developer to put some code / comments

 Declaring Variables

Variables that can be used all over the YAML file can be declared at the top. This is where PyYAML markup scores over Django Template. Django Template restricts variable naming and prevents you from doing Python stuff inside the template.  This is ok for most templates that output HTML where the relevent code can be put inside the views.py. However, for it is also convenient if the option exists on the template. PyYAML allows us to call random python objects, declare variables that can be used through the template, use aliases in YAML file and even instantiate Python objects. Coupled with Django Template, it can be used powerfully.

# VARS

Variables can be declared with the expected type just to be sure. Aliases created can be used like Variables throughout the YAML file. Of Course we can just use {{{<some_var>}} Django template variable to do the substitution as well without creating any alias. 

VARS:
  clinic_id: &CLINIC_ID
     !!int {{clinic_id}}
  patient_id: &PATIENT_ID
     !!int {{patient_id}}
URLS:

This calls the Django reverse method and allows calling with arguments. The results is stored as the PATIENT_PANE_URL alias. 

pane: &PATIENT_PANE_URL 
 !!python/object/apply:django.core.urlresolvers.reverse
 args: [ render_patient_pane_with_id ]
 kwds: { kwargs : { patient_id: *PATIENT_ID } }

Using Django {%url%} template tag, the code below can be rewritten more elegantlyas:

pane: &PATIENT_PANE_URL  # creates the Alias of PATIENT_PANE_URL    
    {% url 'render_patient_pane_with_id' *PATIENT_ID %}

 YAML Header and Describing the Layout of the UI, widgets inside each DOM

YAML Header describes which module the pane belongs to, what are requisite modules to be loaded before this loads and whether this loads on AuShadha start. This is something like a basicinformation about the pane.

# YAML

depends_on: [ search ] #Requires that the Search Module
load_after: search #Requires that Search UI should be loaded before this
load_first: !!bool False #Prevents loading this first explicitly

#Following markup start the description of the Patient UI Pane

id : PATIENT     #ID of the DOM Element

type : bc        # Type of Dijit Layout Widget this is bc = Dijit BorderContainer

title : Patient         #Title Attribute

url : *PATIENT_PANE_URL #The URL attribute which equals href of the widget

closable : !!bool True  #Whether the tab is closable

widgets: []             #Whether there are child widgets (exludes layout widgets)

panes:                  #Describes the child layout Panes / DOM Nodes

  - id: PATIENT_DETAIL_ACTIONS_ICONS #DOM Element Id of the pane
    type: dom                        #Says that this is only a DOM Node not Dijit
    domType: div                     #Specifies the DOM node type
    style:                           #Specifies the CSS styles 
      position: relative
      top: 10
      zIndex: 1000
      float: right
      width: 200px
      height: 1.8em
- id : PATIENT_TOP_CP            #Describes a Dijit Layout Widget DOM Id
 region: top                     #Region attribute of the widget
 type: cp                        #Type of widget cp = dijit ContentPane
 splitter: False                 #Splitter attibute
 url: *PATIENT_INFO_URL          #href attribute
 widgets: []                     #Contained non-layout widgets
 panes: []                       #Contained Dijit panes, DOM nodes
 class: topContentPane selected  #CSS class 
 style:                          #CSS styles
   height: 1.8em

The resulting PyYAML file can be parsed and UI created by the Javascript file. As you can see the method is easy and the markup is certainly more readable than an HTML file with Dijit declarative markup interspersed with Django template markup etc..

It can certainly be argued about the need for a PyYAML use when HTML can be used. However, to change a layout and to see switching layout / per -user customisation it is much easier to move the YAML blocks to and fro the nested levels than to switch HTML blocks with all the declarative markups. Of course we can use Django Template {% include %} to create a basic HTML file that will do the job. It is up to developer preference. I found this much easier on the eye.

The current limitation is regarding inline javascript. This can be solved through custom Dojo Modules using AMD loader. Dojo’s dojoConfig attribute allows runtime loading. The pane’sattribute can allow import of specifically needed JS modules / classes. This is a thought. I have not implemented this fully. However, the proof of concept of this exists at the Pluggable module aushadha_demographics_us tree.yaml file.

More on that on a later post.

Next Tutorial will be based on the core of AuShadha and its bundled apps

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s