DDH is a challenging Pediatric Orthopedic problem. The earlier the treatment is started better the result generally..
In many cases even with early care and even surgery the hip still tends to deviate away from acetabulum. This results in persistent Dysplasia.
When we attempt reconstruction one of the problems we face is whether to do the osteotomy of femur and acetabulum or wait and watch for acetabulum to remodel when child is young.
Arthrogram is an excellent tool to evaluate the state of cartilage over the lateral aspect and superolateral aspect of femoral head and then decide whether we want to do the acetabular osteotomy at the same sitting or defer it.
Illustrating below a case whether the Derotation osteotomy was done first and the we decided the acetabular osteotomy based on the cartilage cover on arthrogram.
This is useful in a child younger than 2 and half years as acetabulum has good remodelling potential at that age. In older children we will need to combine the procedures.
The surgeon would then discuss with parents and opt to continue an acetabular procedure of take a staged approach
It was so nice to meet and talk to the parents about #cerebralpalsy and #developmentaldelay in #children at the #puthur #brc in #palakkad yesterday
Stress was on the need for #earlyintervention and adherence to #treatment especially #physiotherapy. The challenges parents face while continuing care is an eyeopener everytime I hear them out.
As in most diseases, treatment challenges in #cerebralpalsy is more to do with #social, #familial and #accessibility issues than actual lack of desire.
Most parents are willing to face the #financial challenges if it means the child will improve. Many are disillusioned with existing treatment methods and fall out because of slow progress, lack of motivation from professionals around and also pure financial pressure. Many have siblings who are healthy and would like to divert their limited resources to that child. This is such an unfortunate choice , but many parents make it.
Such talks and interaction are a wonderful opportunity to break the ice, motivate and also clear their apprehensions on the treatment of cerebral palsy.
A big thanks to Puthur BRC for organising this meeting. More to follow 🙂
Attaching below a few pictures and also a short video which the BRC officials had shared.
In years previous to the #COVID pandemic we at Palakkad Cooperative Hospital used this day and weeks around it to raise awareness, plan fundraising via MITRA Trust and re-dedicate ourselves tot he cause of Clubfoot care. Unfortunately there has been a hiatus in our activities for over 2 years.
This year we are re-starting everything.
What is Clubfoot ?
#Clubfoot is a #congenital#deformity of the foot which can be fully treated in most cases. The children lead a normal life after a successful treatment course.
We will be oraganising events this year after a hiatus of two years to mark this day and re-dedicate our team at #Cooperative#Hospital#Palakkad to cost effective, accessible, state of the art and evidence based #Clubfoot#Care .
This is my #NFT #Art to raise awareness on #Disability caused by #CerebralPalsy .
Importance of detecting it early and early intervention is stressed. Quite often we find that children are not referred early and treated. This results in very bad deformities that are difficult to mend.
This is part of the #ArztForACause effort by doctors to improve disease awareness among public via 🎨#Art #paintings #nftart https://t.co/OzZUu9FJCh
Cerebral Palsy is such a drastic turn of fortune for any family. The poorer the family, the more challenging. With her back to the closed door, symbolising all the lost life oppurtunities, a mother steadfastly leads her child along the well lit path of medical care with darkness of either side.
This tale repeats with so many children I see in my clinic. It is mind wrenching. Promise of quick cure lures any number of parents from that narrow path to dark streets of quackery and extorsion rackets who promise magical cures.
This is my tribute to so many parents who lead their child along the narrow lit path
Even when treatment of cerebral palsy is widely available, it is not uncommon to see severe deformities due to improper or delayed referral to a treating centre, lack of awareness of simply neglect. Quite often patients live in far flung villages with poor access to healthcare or broken families compounding the difficulties.
I have seen that through these storms invariably the mother stands and guides the child unwavering.
Cerebral Palsy is a tough problem in Paediatric Orthopaedics. The children have spasm, contracture and variety of coordination issues , balancing issues, seizures and other symptoms like tremor, dystonia which makes treatment quite a challenge. This is more so in the younger children where we would like to have a tool that is non invasive and still helps relieve spasm.
Tone Inhibiting casts offer an invaluable tool to control spasm in a very young child that you would want to avoid surgery.
The dosage of surgery in cerebral palsy has to carefully titrated as muscle are inherently weak and over-lengthening can be disastrous.
We try to avoid overzealous initial surgery and but time when possible with plaster casting to reduce muscle spasm.
Tone Inhibiting Casts are a vanishing tool these days in medical professionals’ armamentarium but find it a great tool. In India with cost of Botox injections to relieve being very high and in the class of patients I treat many of who are from poorest strata this is a godsend.
Cast application is done under general anaesthesia so that adequate muscle relaxation is obtained and we take great care for a close , bespoke type fit with good pressure relief over bony prominences. Prevention of pressure sores is very important and technique of cast application – the fit, padding, tightness, joint position, strength of cast all play a role in the final result.
We keep child on physiotherapy all through the time child is on cast to keep up muscle strength and also aid stretching. A cast usually is kept for 6 weeks. Sometimes in severe spasm we have staged application of casts to progressively apply it lesser flexion of joints as the muscle tone decreases.
Medicine is tough. Treatment slow, arduous. I feel for those who wait patiently in crowded poorly appointed waiting rooms, corridors in India’s hospital for the poor. They spend their days here by the loved ones
My Clinic restart has been delayed due to Covid situation and we have noted that children with fractures are having difficulty getting consult for emergencies.
A speciality Fracture clinic for Children run by Dr. Easwar TR is operating at Malabar Hospital Palakkad.
Treatment is provided for all types of children’s bone problems, sports injuries and fractures. The service is available around the clock in association with Orthopedic doctors at Malabar Hospital, Palakkad.
For Emergencies and Appointments please contact Malabar Hospital for appointments.
On #WorldCPDay this year, amid the pandemic, we’ve managed to launch a new rehabilitation facility in association with Karunya MVRC, Palakkad, Kerala, India ( @Karunyamvrc on Twitter )
Kerala State loves Sports, and specially loves Football. We married care for children with Cerebral Palsy and Sports, to setup a one of a kind Adaptive Sports Environment where children would be trained with Physiotherapist’s support by well known Sports Coaches.
Paediatric Orthopaedic Surgeon’s service is also available to assess these children and triage then into various categories from where they can be rehabilitated.
Our Cerebral Palsy Adaptive Sports Team
Ms. Valarmathi- Physiotherapist
Mrs. Valarmathi- Senior Special Educator
Mr. Ravindran – Retd SI and Kerala, Police state and national team Football coach
Ms. Dhanya Ravi- Change Maker, mentor, PwD, National Award winner in the Role Model Category under Empowerment of People with Disability
Mr. Anudarsan – Director , Karunya Medical and Vocational Rehabilitation Center
Adaptive Sports is a special type of Sports training given to children with special needs by adapting the requirements of sports to the specific difficulty the child faces.
This would often involve some change in rules, some Assistive device support, fall prevention and a completely tailored coaching system to enable the child to play effectively.
Why Adaptive Sports ?
Well known rehabilitation method for Cerebral Palsy is Physiotherapy. Often times children find repeated therapy sessions boring, painful at times and many fall out of care. We’ve seen this happen over the years.
Also, there are several limitations to traditional physiotherapy approach when given as a single rehabilitation modality.
Sports training allows much the same benefits of improved strength, coordination and improvement in function that we get out of Physiotherapy but also improves the quality of Physiotherapy session as the child is a willing participant because of the interest in sports.
What are the special challenges in setting up Adaptive Sports in India ?
Coaching for Adaptive Sports is a patient art and the skill is much in dearth. The Sports coach has to tailor his or her expectation to the unique medical issues of the child and training method is customised accordingly.
Often these children have profound muscle weakness, spasticity ( unusual tightness of the muscles ), contracture, ataxia ( issues with body balance ) and inability to selectively more a body part. These result in delayed improvement a ability to perform in Sports activity. These children need care and support of their team to get ahead.
The coach has to be understanding of all these aspects and train the child.
What have we launched in Palakkad ?
Details about our effort to train children in Adaptive Sports here :
Great program on #rare #genetic #disease at #iccons covering #neurogenetic disorders and it’s genetic basis.
My talk of Cerebral Palsy and Genetic trends
I will be speaking on #cerebralpalsy and genetic trends this noon. Cerebral Palsy , while not under rare diseases does have some very interesting new genetic trends emerging which promises positivity in the care of these children.
Future Skeletal Dysplasia Clinic
I will also be interacting with doyens in field of Genetics in India and Paediatricians with experience in rare diseases to setup a rare Disease clinic at ICCONS that caters to Skeletal Dysplasia like Achondroplasia, Pseudo-Achondroplasia, Hypochondroplasia, SpondyloEpiphyseal Dysplasia etc..
Many of these disease are rare with rare mutations. Setting up a clinic with many specialists is very important to cater to this group comprehensively.
Disability Day programmes we are organising at #ICCONS, #Shoranur, #Kerala
We are covering all levels and types of disabilities with medical camps, parent awareness and other community programmes designed to raise awareness, promote inclusiveness and improve accessibility to services.
This year we have an elaborate programme with Pediatric Orthopedic disability, Cerebral Palsy, Autism, Hearing Disability, Genetic Disorders all included in the programme. Please find details below and do share among your groups.
Attaching the brochure below this with programme details.
Time and Place
Institute for Communicative and Cognitive Neurosciences , Shoranur , Palakkad